Learn about good report structure and familiarise yourself with different report types and examples.
What makes a good report?
Reports are an important form of assessment at university. A good report:
- Displays the result of an experiment, investigation, or inquiry.
- Examines potential solutions to a problem or issue and communicates and interprets research findings.
- Uses features such as graphics, images, or specialised vocabulary to persuade a specific audience to undertake an action.
- Reflects your understanding of the assignment question and the literature relevant to your research.
- Presents ideas in a logical structure so that they are easy to follow.
How to structure a report
- A report often has introduction, methods, results and discussion sections. It may also include abstract, conclusions and recommendations sections.
- Structure of a report can vary from course to course, it is important to check and follow assignment guidelines about the expectations of the sections to be included.
- Explore Lab report writing 101 to understand the elements and overall structure of a lab report.
Typical structure of a lab report
What are common report types?
The type of report you are expected to write at university depends on your discipline. While reports usually have the same basic structure (introduction, methods, results and discussion), the purpose, style of delivery and organisation of the ideas may vary.
Examples of common report types
Explore the AWA site to see some excellent examples of Research Methods Reports.
The following resources provide more detailed information and examples of reports in different disciplines: